Wednesday, November 3, 2010

History of landscape architecture - a story

Until about 100 years ago, the average person does not have a lawn to worry about. They were too busy to go to work, cook dinner on the table and try to educate their children. It was not until people started to leave the life of farming for the life of the city and suburbs that single-family homes jumped by mass, and people had money to spend on luxuries such as landscape.

This does not mean that landscape is a brand new job. Already the year 1800,almost all countries of the rich were able to gardens and landscape professional craftsmen to build their homes on their staff. Sure, they were not ordinary people, but it's fun to know the ancestors of the present landscape.

The most famous is the British landscape gardener "Capability" Brown. His real name was Lancelot Brown, but it was his habit of watching a piece of property and say, "It has potential," T hat and how he got his nickname. Brownnamed in England's most famous gardener. '"He was born in 1716 and died in 1783, more than one hundred years later, his legacy lives on. More than 44 of its gardens are still (has designed more than 170). This is, of course, because he has designed gardens for 'landed families, or nobility, who do not have to sell their home for ten years and moving to a larger one.

Before Capability Brown, the great landed families were "gardens". Brown changed everything,encourage customers to use a more naturalistic design, with compositions of grass, tree clumps and lakes and ponds do.

England has Capability Brown, the United States Frederick Law Olmsted. Olmsted was born in 1822 and died in 1903. He went to Yale and studied agricultural science and technology.

In 1853, the legislature has decided that New York would have to park in the center of the city, many residents for their creation. They organized a contest to decide who woulddesign, and Frederick Olmsted and his partner, British architect Calvert Vaux, were awarded the contract, the creation of a "Greensward," as Olmsted called it "The park was not built on bare soil, but many poor -. and free blacks were driven from their homes under eminent domain so that the park can be put there (not that that was the fault of Olmsted -. This is what the legislature intended the park, which is what they were going, said it does not matter.)

Olmsted continueda career of creating urban parks - in fact, devised the system of parks and avenues of connection. Two of the best examples are the system of parks designed for Buffalo, New York, and the system of Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Olmsted and his associates also designed more than 355 schools and universities.

So if you see your city and all the green spaces and landscape, spare a thought for the architects of the landscape that all this beauty is offered.The study of the history of landscape architecture is fun and informative.

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